118 Scientists Say Universe Expanding

By Christian V. Rodas 3 semanas agoNo Comments
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The observation that the Universe is ever expanding is at ______ with the accepted notion that gravity will eventually slow the expansion of the Universe, which was believed to be created by the Big Bang some  ______ billion years ago.

A team of astrophysicists at Harvard University’s Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts says it has found evidence that energy, generated by mysterious dark matter, is behind the Universe acceleration.

Using the US space agency NASA’s Chandra X-ray observatory, Alexey Vikhlinin and colleagues observed  ______ tightly-packed galaxy clusters.

Vikhlinin says in time, dark energy will  ______ the visible Universe.

«It’s not tomorrow but it’s roughly double the age of the Universe today, and you will see very strong effects on  ______ galaxies,» he said.

David Spergel is an astrophysicist at Princeton University in New Jersey.

«One way of thinking about this is that even nothing – empty space –  ______ something. And because in our Universe we have a lot of nothing, it has a  ______ effect on our evolution and causes space itself to accelerate.»

The research provides  ______ evidence that dark energy exists.

Study co-author William Forman says the findings add another dimension to Einstein’s Theories of Relativity which  ______ scientists’ understanding of the Universe.

«Einstein’s equations apply over a truly remarkable range of environments, including the universe as a whole, super massive black holes, the  ______ of time required to make our GPS (global positioning satellite) systems work. But despite all these remarkable  ______, conceptual changes to Einstein’s vision may still be needed.»

The study on dark energy is published in the Astrophysical Journal.

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